INGVCENTRO​NAZIONALE​TERREMOTI
Sala Sismica

Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.1 on date 25-12-2018 and time 18:49:04 (UTC) in region 7 km W Zafferana Etnea (CT)

A magnitude ML 2.1 earthquake occured in region: 7 km W Zafferana Etnea (CT), on

  • 25-12-2018 18:49:04 (UTC)
  • 25-12-2018 19:49:04 (UTC +01:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 37.69, 15.02 at 1 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Operativa INGV-OE (Catania).

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Zafferana Etnea CT 7 9517 9517
Nicolosi CT 9 7463 16980
Pedara CT 9 14102 31082
Milo CT 9 1087 32169
Trecastagni CT 10 10910 43079
Ragalna CT 10 3924 47003
Santa Venerina CT 10 8592 55595
Viagrande CT 11 8563 64158
Belpasso CT 12 28108 92266
Sant'Alfio CT 12 1582 93848
Aci Bonaccorsi CT 13 3524 97372
San Pietro Clarenza CT 13 7743 105115
Aci Sant'Antonio CT 13 17984 123099
Mascalucia CT 14 31958 155057
Tremestieri Etneo CT 14 20589 175646
Camporotondo Etneo CT 14 5023 180669
San Giovanni la Punta CT 14 23060 203729
Biancavilla CT 14 24007 227736
Santa Maria di Licodia CT 14 7641 235377
Aci Catena CT 15 29851 265228
Giarre CT 15 27659 292887
Gravina di Catania CT 15 25838 318725
Acireale CT 16 52622 371347
Valverde CT 16 7840 379187
Sant'Agata li Battiati CT 16 9479 388666
San Gregorio di Catania CT 16 11966 400632
Paternò CT 17 48228 448860
Riposto CT 17 14838 463698
Adrano CT 17 36122 499820
Mascali CT 17 14282 514102
Aci Castello CT 19 18723 532825
Piedimonte Etneo CT 19 3963 536788
Misterbianco CT 19 49410 586198
Bronte CT 20 19172 605370
Linguaglossa CT 20 5403 610773

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
16 Km NW of Acireale (52622 inhabitants)
22 Km N of Catania (314555 inhabitants)
72 Km SW of Reggio di Calabria (183035 inhabitants)
73 Km SW of Messina (238439 inhabitants)
74 Km NW of Siracusa (122291 inhabitants)
87 Km E of Caltanissetta (63360 inhabitants)
89 Km N of Ragusa (73313 inhabitants)
93 Km NE of Vittoria (63339 inhabitants)
95 Km N of Modica (54633 inhabitants)
97 Km NE of Gela (75827 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version https://emidius.mi.ingv.it/CPTI15-DBMI15/) with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy (http://zonesismiche.mi.ingv.it) that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Shakemap
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire (http://www.haisentitoilterremoto.it/) that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 200 ML 2.1 2018-12-25
18:49:04
37.69 15.02 1 2018-12-26
10:56:15
Sala Operativa INGV-OE (Catania) 64240121
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information

Origin

Field Value
Time (UTC) 2018-12-25 18:49:04 ± 0
Latitude 37.69
Longitude 15.02
Depth (km) 1 ± 0 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 200 -> SURVEY-INGV-CT
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 64240121

Uncertainty

Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter)
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter)
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi)
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 0
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68

Quality

Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree)
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 1
Number of defining phases 1
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec)
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree)
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree)
Number of stations at which the event was observed 0
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 0
Magnitude information

ML:2.1

Field Value
Value 2.1
Uncertainty 0
Num. used stations
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 64240121
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Operativa INGV-OE (Catania)
Time of creation (UTC) 2018-12-26 10:56:15
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, http://www.bo.ingv.it/RCMT) and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, http://cnt.rm.ingv.it/tdmt.html). This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Download
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download