Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.1 on date 28-02-2019 and time 23:06:26 (Italy) in region Costa Siciliana nord orientale (Messina)

A magnitude ML 2.1 earthquake occured in region: Costa Siciliana nord orientale (Messina), on

  • 28-02-2019 22:06:26 (UTC)
  • 28-02-2019 23:06:26 (UTC +01:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 38.36, 15.43 at 119 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Bollettino Sismico Italiano INGV.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Villafranca Tirrena ME 14 8584 8584
Spadafora ME 16 5021 13605
Venetico ME 17 3911 17516
Saponara ME 19 3988 21504
Valdina ME 19 1355 22859
Torregrotta ME 20 7431 30290

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
22 Km NW of Messina (238439 inhabitants)
34 Km NW of Reggio di Calabria (183035 inhabitants)
86 Km N of Acireale (52622 inhabitants)
100 Km N of Catania (314555 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours) *

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days *

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985 *

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014 *

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version https://emidius.mi.ingv.it/CPTI15-DBMI15/) with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard
Shakemap
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire *

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire (http://www.haisentitoilterremoto.it/) that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 1000 ML 2.1 2019-02-28
22:06:26
38.36 15.43 119 2019-08-22
08:24:54
Bollettino Sismico Italiano INGV 66964371
Rev 100 ML 2.0 2019-02-28
22:06:26
38.37 15.42 116 2019-02-28
22:33:08
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 66063771
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information

Origin

Field Value
Time (UTC) 2019-02-28 22:06:26 ± 0.34
Latitude 38.36 ± 0.02
Longitude 15.43 ± 0.02
Depth (km) 119 ± 3 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 1000 -> BULLETIN-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 66964371

Uncertainty

Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 2711
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 1514
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 151
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 2710
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68

Quality

Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 107
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 35
Number of defining phases 27
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.4
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.33639
Number of stations at which the event was observed 21
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 14
Magnitudes information

ML:2.1

Field Value
Value 2.1
Uncertainty 0.4
Num. used stations 11
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 66964371
Agency INGV
Autore Bollettino Sismico Italiano INGV
Time of creation (UTC) 2019-06-21 10:38:15

ML:2

Field Value
Value 2
Uncertainty 0.4
Num. used stations 15
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 66063771
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2019-02-28 22:33:08
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.SAMA.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:08:15.52 3.0 undecidable manual Sn 0.66 0
IV.FIR.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:08:13.30 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 13.53 0
IV.MMUR.HNZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:59.68 3.0 undecidable manual Pg 11.87 0
IV.EL6.EHZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:47.55 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 1.55 0
IV.MTGR.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:39.80 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 3.42 0
IV.LRP.EHZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:25.61 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 2.82 0
MN.TIP.HHN. 2019-02-28T22:07:11.43 0.6 undecidable manual S 51 1.3193 125 0.63 35
IV.CELI.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:07:11.98 0.6 undecidable manual S 39 1.3364 124 0.83 32
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:09.45 0.6 undecidable manual S 19 1.2348 127 0.28 40
IV.CAR1.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:07:05.64 0.6 undecidable manual S 34 1.0792 131 -0.61 39
IV.PLAC.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:07:01.86 0.3 undecidable manual S 83 0.795 140 0.38 65
IV.NOV.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:58.25 0.6 undecidable manual S 215 0.4056 157 1.65 26
IV.SOI.EHN. 2019-02-28T22:06:58.31 0.6 undecidable manual S 120 0.5702 149 -0.05 49
IV.AIO.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:58.15 0.6 undecidable manual S 202 0.42 157 1.41 30
IV.GMB.BHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:56.78 3.0 undecidable manual S 0.98 0
MN.CEL.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:56.39 0.6 undecidable manual S 105 0.3786 159 0.03 51
IV.IVPL.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:56.16 0.6 undecidable manual S 272 0.3516 160 0.02 52
IV.MPNC.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:54.82 0.6 undecidable manual S 195 0.2239 167 -0.45 49
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:54.36 0.6 undecidable manual S 148 0.1169 173 -0.47 49
IV.SICLA.EHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:54.82 0.6 undecidable manual S 115 0.2482 166 -0.58 47
MN.TIP.HHN. 2019-02-28T22:06:52.17 0.1 undecidable manual P 51 1.3193 125 0.17 81
IV.CELI.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:52.58 0.3 undecidable manual P 39 1.3364 124 0.38 58
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:51.21 0.3 undecidable manual P 19 1.2348 127 0.15 62
IV.CAR1.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:49.06 0.1 undecidable manual P 34 1.0792 131 -0.31 84
IV.PLAC.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:46.81 0.1 undecidable manual P 83 0.795 140 0.19 91
IV.NOV.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:44.42 0.1 undecidable manual P 215 0.4056 157 0.62 88
IV.SOI.EHN. 2019-02-28T22:06:44.70 0.1 undecidable manual P 120 0.5702 149 -0.12 97
IV.MUCR.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:44.62 0.3 undecidable manual P 234 0.5405 151 0 75
IV.AIO.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:44.36 0.3 undecidable manual P 202 0.42 157 0.48 69
MN.CEL.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:43.46 0.1 undecidable manual P 105 0.3786 159 -0.2 100
IV.GMB.BHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:43.43 3.0 undecidable manual P 0.08 0
IV.IVPL.HHE. 2019-02-28T22:06:43.34 0.1 undecidable manual P 272 0.3516 160 -0.19 100
IV.MSRU.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:42.21 0.1 undecidable manual P 148 0.1169 173 -0.57 96
IV.SICLA.EHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:42.66 0.1 undecidable manual P 115 0.2482 166 -0.46 97
IV.MPNC.HHZ. 2019-02-28T22:06:42.43 0.1 undecidable manual P 195 0.2239 167 -0.61 92
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.IST3.HHN. ML:3.8 0.004052001 0.2432 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:06:41.96
IV.IST3.HHE. ML:3.4 0.0017576425 0.2432 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:06:41.82
MN.CEL.HHE. ML:1.6 2.840792E-5 0.2816 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:06:57.89
IV.GMB.BHN. ML:2.4 0.000165653925 0.32 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:06:58.25
MN.CEL.HHN. ML:1.7 3.433045E-5 0.2688 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:06:58.53
IV.SICLA.EHE. ML:2.2 0.00012901678 0.3584 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:01.97
IV.MPNC.HHE. ML:1.9 5.655062E-5 0.5376 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:02.81
IV.CAR1.HHN. ML:1.9 2.929574E-5 0.2816 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:07.60
IV.CAR1.HHE. ML:2 3.8855495E-5 0.32 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:09.17
IV.CET2.HHE. ML:2 3.3696095E-5 0.2688 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:09.70
IV.CET2.HHN. ML:2.3 7.214999E-5 0.2048 AML other m 2019-02-28T22:07:11.24
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms *

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, http://www.bo.ingv.it/RCMT) and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, http://terremoti.ingv.it/tdmt.html). This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Download
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download