Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.3 on date 28-10-2019 and time 21:48:54 (UTC) in region Tirreno Meridionale (MARE)

A magnitude ML 2.3 earthquake occured in region: Tirreno Meridionale (MARE), on

  • 28-10-2019 21:48:54 (UTC)
  • 28-10-2019 22:48:54 (UTC +01:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 39.69, 15.44 at 10 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

No Italian municipalities within 20 km distance.

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
83 Km NW of Cosenza (67546 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire ( that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 100 ML 2.3 2019-10-28
39.69 15.44 10 2019-10-28
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 73498451
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2019-10-28 21:48:54 ± 0.44
Latitude 39.69 ± 0.01
Longitude 15.44 ± 0.02
Depth (km) 10 ± 3 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 73498451


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 1281
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 767
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 68
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 1280
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 156
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 44
Number of defining phases 25
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.38
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.70152
Number of stations at which the event was observed 37
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 19
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 2.3
Uncertainty 0.2
Num. used stations 44
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 73498451
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2019-10-28 22:04:56
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.LATE.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:50:51.28 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 6.68 0
IV.VVLD.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:50:06.93 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -2.75 0
IV.DGI.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:50:04.38 3.0 negative manual Pn 1.34 0
IV.IFIL.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:35.61 3.0 undecidable manual S -2.92 0
IV.SOI.EHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:28.28 3.0 undecidable manual P 0
IV.MTTG.HHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:25.80 1.0 undecidable manual P 173 1.6952 38 0.91 13
IV.NOCI.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:25.59 3.0 undecidable manual P 1.66 0
IV.MUCR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:24.33 0.3 undecidable manual P 195 1.7015 38 -0.65 42
IV.PLAC.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:24.17 3.0 negative manual P 3.06 0
IV.GMB.BHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:23.32 0.6 undecidable manual P 169 1.5477 50 0.61 31
IV.AMUR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:22.48 3.0 positive manual P 0.64 0
IV.SPS2.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:21.95 3.0 undecidable manual S -1.95 0
IV.PALZ.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:20.04 3.0 positive manual P 0.88 0
IV.MSRU.HHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:19.60 0.6 undecidable manual P 178 1.4236 50 -0.98 28
IV.MIGL.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:18.19 3.0 positive manual P 0.66 0
IV.ACER.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:17.94 0.6 positive manual P 19 1.1637 50 1.8 19
IV.MRLC.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:16.24 1.0 undecidable manual P 2 1.0693 50 1.72 10
IV.CMPR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:16.60 0.6 undecidable manual S 351 0.6394 50 0.25 45
MN.TIP.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:16.79 3.0 positive manual P 0.01 0
IV.PTRP.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:13.72 3.0 negative manual P 0.12 0
IV.IST3.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:12.31 0.6 positive manual P 190 0.902 50 0.65 38
IV.CELI.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:12.02 3.0 positive manual P -0.03 0
IV.MGR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:11.14 0.6 undecidable manual S 11 0.4587 50 0.15 47
YZ.POLL1.HHE.00 2019-10-28T21:49:10.90 0.6 undecidable manual P 73 0.8229 50 0.6 39
IV.SPS2.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:10.12 3.0 positive manual P -0.54 0
IV.ORI.HHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:10.36 0.3 undecidable manual P 65 0.8553 50 -0.5 61
MN.CUC.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:09.33 0.6 undecidable manual S 43 0.42 50 -0.53 44
IV.CAR1.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:09.75 3.0 positive manual P 0.26 0
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:09.84 0.3 undecidable manual S 112 0.4254 50 -0.18 71
IV.CDRU.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:09.36 0.3 undecidable manual P 353 0.8085 50 -0.71 56
IV.BULG.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:09.52 0.6 undecidable manual S 353 0.3939 50 0.44 45
IV.SALB.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:08.97 3.0 negative manual P -0.31 0
IV.TDS.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:08.54 3.0 negative manual P -0.18 0
IV.MCEL.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:08.34 0.6 negative manual P 23 0.6943 50 0.23 44
IV.SLCN.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:08.94 0.6 undecidable manual P 12 0.7177 50 0.43 42
IV.GRIS.EHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:07.00 0.6 undecidable manual S 80 0.3211 50 0.08 49
IV.SIRI.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:06.76 0.6 undecidable manual P 33 0.5927 50 0.39 44
IV.CMPR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:06.64 0.3 undecidable manual P 351 0.6394 50 -0.53 63
IV.MMN.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:04.40 3.0 negative manual P 0.03 0
IV.CET2.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:03.94 0.3 undecidable manual P 112 0.4254 50 0.43 68
IV.BULG.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:03.04 0.1 negative manual P 353 0.3939 50 0.07 98
MN.CUC.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:03.25 0.3 undecidable manual P 43 0.42 50 -0.16 71
IV.MGR.HHZ. 2019-10-28T21:49:03.61 0.1 negative manual P 11 0.4587 50 -0.46 89
IV.GRIS.EHE. 2019-10-28T21:49:01.70 0.1 undecidable manual P 80 0.3211 50 -0.02 100
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
IV.BULG.HHE. ML:2.6 0.0013712235 0.3584 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.66
IV.BULG.HHN. ML:2.6 0.001241568 0.4096 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.21
IV.BULG.HNE. ML:2.6 0.0013255705 0.3712 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.66
IV.BULG.HNN. ML:2.6 0.001171756 0.3968 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.21
MN.CUC.HHE. ML:2.4 0.00073583065 0.3072 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:17.04
MN.CUC.HHN. ML:2.3 0.00064004825 0.1408 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:11.95
MN.CUC.HNE. ML:2.4 0.00072868355 0.2816 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:15.17
MN.CUC.HNN. ML:2.4 0.0006532359 0.1408 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:11.95
IV.MGR.HHE. ML:2.3 0.00047344715 0.1408 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:14.04
IV.MGR.HHN. ML:2.2 0.00037700695 0.2048 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:18.75
IV.MGR.HNE. ML:2.3 0.0005399369 0.9344 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:14.68
IV.CET2.HHE. ML:2.6 0.0010321399 0.2432 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.34
IV.CET2.HHN. ML:3 0.002511143 0.2048 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:10.97
IV.MMN.HHE. ML:2.9 0.00186201 0.2944 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:13.26
IV.MMN.HHN. ML:3.2 0.0035242635 0.1536 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:12.18
IV.CMPR.HHE. ML:2.6 0.00072571085 0.256 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:17.08
IV.CMPR.HHN. ML:2.4 0.00039447375 0.256 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:17.11
IV.SIRI.HHE. ML:2.7 0.0010370435 0.2176 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:18.87
IV.SIRI.HHN. ML:2.7 0.00100778645 0.2816 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:18.09
IV.SIRI.HNE. ML:2.7 0.0009937565 0.2176 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:18.87
IV.SIRI.HNN. ML:2.7 0.0009979265 0.2816 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:18.11
IV.MCEL.HNE. ML:2.3 0.00028134105 0.3456 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:25.18
IV.MCEL.HNN. ML:2.2 0.0002437891 0.6016 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:24.09
IV.MCEL.HHE. ML:2.3 0.00028611215 0.4992 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:21.32
IV.MCEL.HHN. ML:2.2 0.000206312915 0.384 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:24.09
IV.TDS.HHE. ML:1.6 6.0105665E-5 0.3968 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:26.50
IV.TDS.HHN. ML:1.7 7.2550435E-5 0.4608 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:23.49
IV.SLCN.HNE. ML:2.4 0.00038545445 0.4608 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:30.02
IV.SLCN.HNN. ML:2.3 0.0002734273 0.4352 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:22.72
IV.SLCN.HHE. ML:2.4 0.0003847835 0.2304 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:24.44
IV.SLCN.HHN. ML:2.3 0.0002568173 0.5376 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:28.65
IV.SALB.HHE. ML:2.3 0.0002509343 0.2816 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:25.24
IV.SALB.HHN. ML:2.1 0.0001595825 0.2688 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:23.34
IV.CDRU.HHE. ML:2.4 0.00028694465 0.128 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:23.65
IV.CDRU.HHN. ML:2.1 0.00014827495 0.3712 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:27.94
IV.CAR1.HHE. ML:2.8 0.0008110874 0.3328 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:21.97
IV.CAR1.HHN. ML:2.7 0.00072651665 0.3584 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:23.91
IV.CAR1.HNE. ML:2.6 0.000627088 0.3328 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:21.97
IV.CAR1.HNN. ML:2.8 0.00086019515 0.3968 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:23.92
IV.SPS2.HHE. ML:2.6 0.00051398975 0.2944 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:24.30
IV.SPS2.HHN. ML:2.6 0.00051259525 0.32 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:24.28
IV.CELI.HHE. ML:2.7 0.00049770065 0.576 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:26.30
IV.CELI.HHN. ML:2.6 0.00045271205 0.5632 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:29.25
IV.CELI.HNE. ML:2.3 0.00020599535 0.6016 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:26.30
IV.CELI.HNN. ML:2.3 0.00019470805 0.5248 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:29.25
IV.PTRP.HHE. ML:2.1 0.00011726915 0.5376 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:37.64
IV.PTRP.HHN. ML:2 9.86665E-5 0.4736 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:29.74
IV.MRLC.HHE. ML:1.7 3.7601075E-5 0.512 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:36.84
IV.MRLC.HHN. ML:1.8 4.654761E-5 0.5632 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:34.85
MN.TIP.HHE. ML:1.8 3.9904675E-5 0.4096 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:34.80
MN.TIP.HHN. ML:1.8 3.8711505E-5 0.576 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:37.39
MN.TIP.HNE. ML:2 7.5378695E-5 0.9728 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:50.80
IV.ACER.HNE. ML:2.4 0.000154082 0.64 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:36.79
IV.ACER.HNN. ML:2.4 0.0001801246 0.64 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:48.31
IV.ACER.HHE. ML:2.2 0.00010639332 0.6016 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:37.72
IV.ACER.HHN. ML:2.2 0.00010548193 0.64 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:39.88
IV.MIGL.HHE. ML:2.8 0.0003690977 0.3968 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:38.21
IV.MIGL.HHN. ML:2.7 0.0003326977 0.4096 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:39.78
IV.PALZ.HHE. ML:2.3 9.964598E-5 0.8576 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:43.25
IV.AMUR.HHE. ML:2 4.5563915E-5 0.3456 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:53.60
IV.AMUR.HHN. ML:2.1 5.237754E-5 0.4608 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:46.16
IV.MUCR.HHE. ML:2 3.3963135E-5 0.6016 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:46.11
IV.MUCR.HHN. ML:2.4 7.558801E-5 0.6016 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:45.50
IV.NOCI.HHE. ML:2.2 5.5172415E-5 0.4352 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:57.72
IV.NOCI.HHN. ML:2.2 5.4124135E-5 0.3584 AML other m 2019-10-28T21:49:56.43
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download