Earthquake with magnitude of ML 2.0 on date 20-04-2019 and time 16:27:58 (Italy) in region 2 km NE Varsi (PR)

A magnitude ML 2.0 earthquake occured in region: 2 km NE Varsi (PR), on

  • 20-04-2019 14:27:58 (UTC)
  • 20-04-2019 16:27:58 (UTC +02:00) Italian time

and geographic coordinates (lat, lon) 44.68, 9.86 at 30 km depth.

The earthquake was located by: Sala Sismica INGV-Roma.

Search earthquakes: Any within 30 km radius

The values of hypocentral coordinates and magnitude may be revised at a later time as more information becomes available.

Municipalities within 20 km from the epicenter

Distances are determinated based on the geographic coordintes of the (Istat).
Municipality Region Dist Inh Cum Inh
Varsi PR 2 1230 1230
Bore PR 6 749 1979
Pellegrino Parmense PR 8 1048 3027
Bardi PR 11 2227 5254
Solignano PR 12 1773 7027
Varano de' Melegari PR 13 2676 9703
Valmozzola PR 13 539 10242
Morfasso PC 13 1024 11266
Vernasca PC 13 2131 13397
Lugagnano Val d'Arda PC 16 4116 17513
Salsomaggiore Terme PR 18 19831 37344
Castell'Arquato PC 19 4713 42057
Fornovo di Taro PR 19 6100 48157
Gropparello PC 20 2293 50450

Municipalities with at least 50000 inhabitants

An earthquake occurred to
40 Km W of Parma (192836 inhabitants)
43 Km SE of Piacenza (102191 inhabitants)
52 Km S of Cremona (71901 inhabitants)
61 Km W of Reggio nell'Emilia (171345 inhabitants)
64 Km N of La Spezia (93959 inhabitants)
70 Km N of Carrara (63133 inhabitants)
75 Km NW of Massa (69479 inhabitants)
78 Km SE of Pavia (72576 inhabitants)
79 Km E of Genova (586655 inhabitants)
82 Km W of Carpi (70699 inhabitants)
85 Km W of Modena (184973 inhabitants)
96 Km NW of Viareggio (62467 inhabitants)
100 Km SW of Brescia (196480 inhabitants)
Recent and historical Seismicity

These maps show the seismicity for different time windows. The earthquake locations reported in these maps are determined in quasi real-time by the personnel on duty in the seismic surveillance center of INGV in Rome. Note that the earthquake source parameters (hypocentral location and magnitude) are the best estimates obstained with the available data and they are adjourned as additional data become available. The source parameters obtained by the personnel on duty are then revised by the group in charge of the INGV Seismic Bulletin (Bollettino Sismico Italiano dell’INGV).

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

Earthquakes of the last three days (72 hours)

This map reports the earthquake epicenters located in the past 72 hours (3 days) from the time this page has been generated. The radius of the circle representing the earthquake on the map scales with magnitude. The color depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes of the last 90 days

Earthquakes of the last 90 days

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 1.0 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1985

Earthquakes since 1985

This map reports the Magnitudo ≥ 2.5 earthquake epicenters located using the data acquired by the Italian National Seismic Network and by other collaborating networks in Italy and in the neighbouring countries. The radii of the circles representing the epicenters on the map scale with magnitude. The color of each circle depends on the time of occurrence of the earthquakes with respect to the time of generation of the map (red = 1 hour; orange = 24 hours; yellow = 72 hours; blue = all other earthquakes). The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

Earthquakes since 1000 AD until 2014

This map shows the epicenters of the historical earthquakes catalogue CPT15 (Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani, 2015 version with estimated magnitude ≥ 5.0 since 1000 AD until 2014. The epicenters are represented by squares which sides scale with the estimated earthquake magnitude. For earthquakes with magnitude ≥ 6.0, it is also shown the year of occurrence and the magnitude value. The open star shows the epicenter of the current earthquake.
Seismic hazard

Seismic hazard maps provide probabilistic estimates of the earthquake ground shaking exceeding a given threshold in a given geographic region within a given time window. Thus, it is not a deterministic prediction - a target that may be never reached given the complexity of the earthquake physical phenomenon - nor of the maximum expected earthquake since this has extremely low probabilities to occur.

In 2004, it was published the seismic hazard map of Italy ( that provides a picture of the most hazardous geographic regions. The seismic hazard map of Italy (GdL MPS, 2004; rif. Ordinanza PCM del 28 aprile 2006, n. 3519, All. 1b) provides the 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years of the horizontal acceleration at rock sites (i.e., Vs30>800 m/s; cat. A, 3.2.1 of the D.M. 14.09.2005).

The colours indicate the various values of the ground acceleration that have 10% to be exceeded within 50 years. In general, the colours associated to low values of acceleration refer to areas that are less hazardous and stronger earthquakes repeat less frequently although they may still occur.

Seismic hazard map

Seismic hazard map

This map shows the seismic hazard map of Italy for the region where the earthquake occurred.
Felt maps
The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

The earthquake effects in MCS scale as obtained from the compiled questionnaire

This map shows the distribution of the effects of the earthquake on the territory in terms of the MCS (Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg) intensity scale. The intensities are determined using the data provided in the questionnaire ( that are analysed using robust statistical techniques since they are not verified individually. Specifically, the assignment of MCS intensities greater or equal the VI degree of the MCS scale require opportune in situ verification by professional experts. The purple start shows the epicenter. This map is prepared every so often that the population fill in new questionnaires. The number of questionnaires used to determine the map and the date and time of the last adjournment are shown in the upper right part of the panel.
Locations history
Type Magnitude Date and Time (UTC) Latitude Longitude Depth (km) Published time (UTC) Author Location ID
Rev 100 ML 2.0 2019-04-20
44.68 9.86 30 2019-04-20
Sala Sismica INGV-Roma 67783851
Preferred location and magnitude until now.
Origin information


Field Value
Time (UTC) 2019-04-20 14:27:58 ± 0.11
Latitude 44.68 ± 0.01
Longitude 9.86 ± 0.01
Depth (km) 30 ± 1 (from location)
Evaluation mode of Origin manual
Evaluation status of Origin reviewed
Version 100 -> SURVEY-INGV
Event type earthquake
Origin ID 67783851


Field Value
Preferred uncertainty description uncertainty ellipse
Semi-major axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 736
Semi-minor axis of confidence ellipse (meter) 700
Azimuth of major axis of confidence ellipse. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter (gradi) 50
Circular confidence region, given by single value of horizontal uncertainty (meter) 740
Confidence level of the uncertainty (%) 68


Field Value
Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter (degree) 66
Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation 42
Number of defining phases 22
RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation (sec) 0.32
Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter (degree) 0
Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter (degree) 1.40474
Number of stations at which the event was observed 35
Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation 16
Magnitude information


Field Value
Value 2
Uncertainty 0.2
Num. used stations 29
Type of magnitude ML
Reference to an origin 67783851
Agency INGV
Autore Sala Sismica INGV-Roma
Time of creation (UTC) 2019-04-20 14:43:44
Picking and Arrival
SCNL Time Uncertainty Polarity Evaluation_mode Phase Azimuth Distance Takeoff_angle Residual Weight
IV.VVLD.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:57.42 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 11.48 0
MN.CLTB.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:49.24 3.0 negative manual Pn 0.68 0
IV.CAMP.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:30.35 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -1.38 0
IV.PAOL.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:28.64 3.0 positive manual Pg 14.68 0
IV.CDRU.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:26.40 3.0 undecidable manual Pn 1.76 0
IT.DANT.HNZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:15.17 3.0 undecidable manual Sn 1.17 0
GU.RRL.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:14.09 3.0 undecidable manual Sg 9.75 0
IT.VNF1.HGZ. 2019-04-20T14:29:14.16 3.0 negative manual Pg 8.37 0
MN.TUE.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:52.44 3.0 undecidable manual Sn -1.86 0
ST.DOSS.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:46.47 3.0 undecidable manual S 0.06 0
IV.FIR.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:42.60 3.0 undecidable manual S -0.29 0
IV.MBAL.EHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:38.07 3.0 undecidable manual S -1.38 0
MN.TUE.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:29.94 3.0 positive manual Pn 0.07 0
IV.CTI.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:29.44 3.0 negative manual Pn -0.62 0
IV.IMOL.HNZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:26.07 3.0 positive manual P 2.38 0
SI.LUSI.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:24.09 3.0 positive manual P -0.91 0
ST.RONC.EHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:23.52 0.3 undecidable manual P 22 1.4047 54 0.24 57
CH.MUGIO.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:23.23 0.6 undecidable manual P 335 1.3652 54 0.5 37
GU.RNCA.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:22.75 0.6 undecidable manual S 252 0.6781 106 0.57 41
IV.ROVR.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:21.48 0.3 undecidable manual P 41 1.2896 54 -0.21 59
IV.QLNO.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:21.61 3.0 positive manual P 0.51 0
IV.MAGA.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:20.26 0.3 undecidable manual P 26 1.2204 54 -0.47 57
IV.ZONE.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:19.35 3.0 negative manual P -0.37 0
IV.PII.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:19.84 3.0 positive manual P 0.05 0
IV.MDI.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:19.36 0.6 undecidable manual P 355 1.0918 54 0.41 40
GU.PCP.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:16.80 0.6 undecidable manual P 262 0.9434 101 0.03 44
GU.CARD.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:15.88 3.0 undecidable manual P 0
IV.MSSA.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:15.76 0.6 undecidable manual S 214 0.438 116 0.23 47
IV.PRMA.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:14.49 0.6 undecidable manual S 76 0.3345 123 1.63 28
GU.GORR.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:14.78 0.6 undecidable manual S 260 0.4074 118 0.05 50
MN.VLC.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:12.53 0.6 undecidable manual P 144 0.6448 107 0.71 39
IV.BOB.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:12.09 0.6 undecidable manual S 287 0.3022 127 0.01 51
GU.RNCA.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:12.50 0.3 undecidable manual P 252 0.6781 106 0.14 69
GU.SARM.EHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:11.77 0.3 undecidable manual P 142 0.6313 108 0.17 69
IV.PLMA.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:11.59 0.3 negative manual P 180 0.6322 108 -0.01 72
GU.GRAM.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:10.36 0.3 undecidable manual S 142 0.2419 133 -0.35 73
GU.EQUI.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:10.28 0.1 undecidable manual P 158 0.5576 110 -0.12 96
IV.MSSA.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:08.43 0.3 negative manual P 214 0.438 116 -0.09 75
GU.GORR.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:07.73 0.3 undecidable manual P 260 0.4074 118 -0.32 71
IV.PRMA.HHE. 2019-04-20T14:28:06.90 0.1 undecidable manual P 76 0.3345 123 -0.07 100
IV.BOB.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:06.01 0.3 undecidable manual P 287 0.3022 127 -0.51 69
GU.GRAM.HHZ. 2019-04-20T14:28:05.25 0.3 undecidable manual P 142 0.2419 133 -0.48 71
Station Magnitude and Amplitude
SCNL mag Generic_amplitude Period Type Category Unit Time_window_reference
GU.GRAM.HHE. ML:2.3 0.0006755328 0.256 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:10.90
GU.GRAM.HHN. ML:2.1 0.0005103522 0.1792 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:11.56
IV.BOB.HNN. ML:2.1 0.0003527591 0.2304 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:12.65
IV.BOB.HHE. ML:2.1 0.0003738312 0.4992 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:12.50
IV.BOB.HHN. ML:2 0.0003144646 0.2176 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:12.53
ST.DOSS.HHE. ML:2 4.062696E-5 0.2432 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:49.48
ST.DOSS.HHN. ML:2 4.6818895E-5 5.856 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:49.03
GU.GORR.HHE. ML:1.8 0.00016266515 0.1984 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:15.37
GU.GORR.HHN. ML:1.7 0.0001160763 0.2176 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:15.61
IV.MSSA.HHE. ML:1.5 7.41882515E-5 0.224 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:16.06
IV.MSSA.HHN. ML:1.6 9.7375115E-5 0.3648 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:16.02
IV.PLMA.HHE. ML:1.8 8.8868675E-5 0.3392 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:24.92
IV.PLMA.HHN. ML:1.6 6.6531045E-5 0.2944 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:25.23
GU.SARM.EHE. ML:1.8 0.00010489423 0.3776 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:24.44
GU.SARM.EHN. ML:2.1 0.00020220085 0.4992 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:25.95
GU.PCP.HHE. ML:1.2 1.6050065E-5 0.16 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:36.87
GU.PCP.HHN. ML:1.5 2.9851915E-5 0.7808 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:32.94
IV.ZONE.HHE. ML:2 7.091525E-5 0.1792 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:36.23
IV.ZONE.HHN. ML:2 6.6767115E-5 0.16 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:36.26
IV.PII.HHE. ML:1.8 5.015544E-5 0.3648 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:36.12
IV.PII.HHN. ML:1.9 5.3780195E-5 0.3392 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:36.28
IV.MAGA.HHE. ML:2.5 0.0001774702 0.5824 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:40.88
IV.MAGA.HHN. ML:2.2 9.704642E-5 0.2432 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:40.03
IV.ROVR.HNE. ML:2.1 6.6445045E-5 0.1792 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:40.75
IV.ROVR.HNN. ML:2.5 0.0001563546 0.2368 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:43.52
IV.ROVR.HHE. ML:1.8 2.89948E-5 0.416 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:40.76
IV.ROVR.HHN. ML:2.1 6.5819885E-5 0.1984 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:40.81
CH.MUGIO.HHE. ML:1.7 2.6787265E-5 0.288 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:44.60
CH.MUGIO.HHN. ML:1.6 1.992601E-5 0.2624 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:44.92
ST.RONC.HNE. ML:2.7 0.0002488076 0.8384 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:43.66
ST.RONC.EHE. ML:2.3 9.172747E-5 0.1408 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:43.72
ST.RONC.EHN. ML:2.5 0.00013412697 0.2432 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:44.00
SI.LUSI.HHE. ML:2.2 6.7563695E-5 0.16 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:47.54
SI.LUSI.HHN. ML:2.3 8.255731E-5 0.1984 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:48.63
IV.CTI.HHE. ML:2.2 3.9268285E-5 0.1408 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:58.62
IV.CTI.HHN. ML:2.2 3.763123E-5 0.1792 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:57.18
MN.TUE.HHE. ML:1.7 1.3366905E-5 0.2624 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:59.14
MN.TUE.HHN. ML:1.7 1.4636175E-5 0.3008 AML other m 2019-04-20T14:28:54.48
TDMT - Time Domain Moment Tensor
Focal Mechanism in the area
Focal Mechanisms

Focal Mechanisms

This map reports the focal mechanisms since 1977 in the region. The white and red beach ball symbols are mechanisms determined using the Regional Centroid Moment Tensor (RCMT, and are determined for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.5 in the Euro-Mediterranenan area. Occasionally, when there is a good source-receiver geometry of the target earthquake, the RCMT can be obtained also for earthquakes with magnitude larger than 4.0. The blue and white beach ball symbols indicate the mechanisms obtained from application of the Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT, This technique is used for M ≥ 3.5. The size of the beach ball sysmbol scales with the calculated moment magnitude, Mw.
Type Description Link
QuakeML - small Event, Origin, FocalMechanism Download
QuakeML - full Event, Origin, FocalMechanism, Amplitude, Arrival, Pick, Station Magnitude Download
Waveforms Seismic signals in full SEED format Download